ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117-122

Ultrasound features of placental changes and their obstetric correlates among HIV patients and controls at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State, Nigeria
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ayyuba Rabiu
FWACS, FMCOG, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 3011, Kano State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomt.jomt_15_18

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Background: One of the serious health problems in the world today is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome pandemic, with Nigeria having the second largest number of new cases. During pregnancy, HIV-infected women face more adverse effects than uninfected women. This study aimed at evaluating ultrasound features of placentas of HIV-positive women and controls to demonstrate a difference in vasculoplacental complications between the two groups. Methods: A comparative study was conducted among HIV-positive women and their matched controls. Informed consent was obtained and a pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used. The women had ultrasound assessment of the placenta and an obstetric ultrasound scan. Results: There were no differences in placental surface area (t = −1.122, df = 6, P = 0.305, 95% confidence interval: −17.46 to 15.56) and placental thickness (t = 1.846, df = 58, P = 0.07, 95% confidence interval: −0.405 to 9.99). Calcifications were found but not related to HIV status. The most common complication among the HIV-infected women was miscarriage. No complications were recorded among the controls. Conclusion: There was no difference in the vasculopathological changes detectable by ultrasound scan in the placentas of HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women.


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