Journal of Medicine in the Tropics

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1--3

How relevant is pre-gastrointestinal endoscopy screening for HBV and HIV infections?


Adegboyega Akere, Jesse A Otegbayo, Samuel O Ola 
 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Adegboyega Akere
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, University College Hospital, P.O. Box 28829, Agodi, Ibadan
Nigeria

Aim: To determine the prevalence of HBV and HIV infections among patients referred for gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and evaluate the need for prescreening of patients prior to this procedure. Settings and Design: Retrospective study carried out in a teaching hospital. Methodology: The data of 772 patients referred for GI endoscopy were retrospectively reviewed, but the screening results of only 711 patients were available for review. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS version 7. Results: The 772 patients, consisted of 420 (54.4%) males and 352 (45.6%) females with a mean age of 50.4 ± 16.5 years (range 10-100). Of the 711 patients with screening results, 574 (80.7%) had UGI endoscopy, while 137 (19.3%) had Colonoscopy. It showed that 82 (11.5%) had HBV and 26 (3.7%) had HIV, while 8 (1.1%) patients had co-infection. Conclusion: The high prevalence of HBV and HIV infections observed calls for high level precaution to prevent transmission of these infections to other patients and health care personnel.


How to cite this article:
Akere A, Otegbayo JA, Ola SO. How relevant is pre-gastrointestinal endoscopy screening for HBV and HIV infections?.J Med Trop 2015;17:1-3


How to cite this URL:
Akere A, Otegbayo JA, Ola SO. How relevant is pre-gastrointestinal endoscopy screening for HBV and HIV infections?. J Med Trop [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Dec 11 ];17:1-3
Available from: http://www.jmedtropics.org/article.asp?issn=2276-7096;year=2015;volume=17;issue=1;spage=1;epage=3;aulast=Akere;type=0